Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

Biomechanical comparison of an intramedullary nail combined with a reconstruction plate combination versus a single intramedullary nail in unstable intertrochanteric fractures with lateral femoral wall fracture: A finite element analysis

1.

Department of Orthopaedics, Pudong New Area People’s Hospital, Shanghai, China

2.

Department of Surgery, Pudong New Area People’s Hospital, Shanghai, China

3.

Department of Orthopaedics, Seventh People’s Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China

AOTT 2024; 58: 89-94
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2024.23163
Read: 322 Downloads: 199 Published: 26 April 2024

Objective: This study aimed to compare the biomechanical performance of an intramedullary nail combined with a reconstruction plate and a single intramedullary nail in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric femoral fractures with a fracture of the lateral femoral wall (LFW).

Methods: A three-dimensional finite element (FE) femur model was established from computed tomography images of a healthy male volunteer. A major reverse obliquity fracture line, associated with a lesser trochanteric fragment defect and a free bone fragment of the LFW, was developed to create an AO/OTA type 31-A3.3 unstable intertrochanteric fracture mode. Two fixation styles were simulated: a long InterTAN nail (ITN) with or without a reconstruction plate (RP). A vertical load of 2100 N was applied to the femoral head to simulate normal walking. The construct stiffness, von Mises stress, and model displacement were assessed.

Results: The ITN with RP fixation (ITN/RP) provided higher axial stiffness (804 N/mm) than the ITN construct (621 N/mm). The construct stiffness of ITN/RP fixation was 29% higher than that of ITN fixation. The peak von Mises stress of the implants in the ITN/RP and ITN models was 994.46 MPa and 1235.24 MPa, respectively. The peak stress of the implants in the ITN/RP model decreased by 24% compared to that of the ITN model. The peak von Mises stress of the femur in the ITN/RP model was 269.06 MPa, which was lower than that of the ITN model (331.37 MPa). The peak stress of the femur in the ITN/RP model was 23% lower than that of the ITN model. The maximum displacements of the ITN/RP and ITN models were 12.12 mm and 13.53 mm, respectively. The maximum displacement of the ITN/RP model decreased by 12% compared with that of the ITN model.

Conclusion: The study suggested that an additional plate fixation could increase the construct stiffness, reduce the stresses in the implant and femur, and decrease displacement after intramedullary nailing. Therefore, the intramedullary nail and reconstruction plate combination may provide biomechanical advantages over the single intramedullary nail in unstable intertrochanteric fractures with a fractured LFW.

Cite this article as: Zhang J, Wei Y, Li G, Wang J, Yu B. Biomechanical comparison of an intramedullary nail combined with a reconstruction plate combination versus a single intramedullary nail in unstable intertrochanteric fractures with lateral femoral wall fracture: A finite element analysis. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc., 2024;58(2):89-94.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294