Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

The treatment of displaced radial neck combined with olecranon fractures with absorbable rods and Kirschner wires in pediatric patients

1.

Department of Orthopedics, Children’s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Pediatrics, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders; National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Disorders; China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders, Jiangxi Hospital Affiliated Children’s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, P.R. China

AOTT 2023; 57: 55-60
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2023.21145
Read: 1095 Downloads: 441 Published: 01 March 2023

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of pediatric patients who were treated for olecranon and displaced radial neck fractures with absorbable rods and Kirschner wires.

Methods: Thirty-one patients (20 male, 11 female), aged from 3 to 13 years old with olecranon and displaced radial neck fractures treated with absorbable rods and Kirschner wires, were included in this retrospective, single-center study. All radial neck fractures were Judet type IV, and there were 17 type C and 14 type D olecranon fractures. The follow-up time ranged from 26 to 56 months (average 35.8 months). The Boyd approach was used first to reduce olecranon fractures and fix them with Kirschner wires. Thereafter, radial neck fractures were reduced and fixed with absorbable rods. Patients’ functional outcomes were assessed using the Mayo Elbow Performance Index score.

Results: Results were excellent in 19 patients, good in 8 patients, fair in 2 patients, and poor in 2 cases according to the Mayo Elbow Performance Index score. The rate of excellent and good outcomes was 87.1%. The average Mayo Elbow Performance Index score was 91.5 points. Three patients showed radial nerve injuries preoperatively, which were assessed intraoperatively. No nerve repair was required, and all nerve injuries recovered within 3 months.

Conclusion: This study has shown us that using a Boyd approach for open reduction and fixation with absorbable rods and K-wires is feasible for olecranon and severely displaced radial neck fractures in pediatric patients.

Level of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic study

Cite this article as: Chen K, Gu K, Su Y. The treatment of displaced radial neck combined with olecranon fractures with absorbable rods and kirschner wires in pediatric patients. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc., 2023;57(2):55-60.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294