Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

The role of multi-modal intra-operative neurophysiological monitoring in corrective surgeries for thoracic tuberculosis with kyphosis

1.

Department of Orthopedics, Orthopedic Research Institute, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China

AOTT 2022; 56: 283-288
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2022.22053
Read: 303 Downloads: 102 Published: 01 July 2022

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the performance and utility of motor evoked potentials (MEP) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) during corrective surgery for thoracic tuberculosis with kyphosis (TTK).

Methods: 68 patients (mean age 31.7 ± 20.3 years) who underwent corrective surgery for TTK from 2012 to 2019 were included in this retrospective study. Patients were neurologicaly evaluated before and after surgery with systematic neurologic examinations. Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) with SSEP and MEP was carried out. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under ROC curve (AUC) were used to identify the diagnostic accuracy of potential recovery.

Results: IONM alerting occurred in 12 surgeries (12/68, 17.6%), of which 6 were SSEP alerting, 2 MEP alerting, and 4 combinations of both SSEP and MEP. Among the 12 cases where there was IONM alerting, 3 (25%) had postoperative neurological deficits(PND), whereas one patient had PND without IONM alerting. IONM sensitivity and specificity were 0.75 (95% CI 0.22–0.99) and 0.86 (95% CI 0.74–0.93) respectively. Positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were 0.25 and 0.98 respectively. The AUC of evoked potential recovery in diagnosing PND was 0.884.

Conclusion: Our study showed that multi-modal IONM with SSEP and MEP can effectively indicate a potential neural injury and predict PND during TTK corrective surgery.

Level of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic Study

Cite this article as: Huang X, Huang S, Luo C, Song Y, Gong Q, Zhou Z. The role of multi-modal intra-operative neurophysiological monitoring in corrective surgeries for thoracic tuberculosis with kyphosis. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2022;56(4):283-288.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294