Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

The effect of the size of pedicle screw on the long-term radiological and clinical results of short-segment posterior instrumentation in the management of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures

1.

Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Ege University, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey

2.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Health Sciences, Izmir Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey

3.

Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey

AOTT 2024; 58: 20-26
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2024.23056
Read: 93 Downloads: 35 Published: 28 February 2024

Objective: It was aimed at evaluating the effect of the size of the pedicle screw placed on the fractured vertebra on the long-term radiological and clinical results of short-segment posterior instrumentation applied in the surgical treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures.

Methods: This retrospective study included 36 patients who underwent short-segment posterior instrumentation surgery for a single-level thoracolumbar (T11-L2) fracture between January 2015 and March 2021. The patients included in the study were divided into 2 groups according to the size of the pedicle screw placed in the fractured vertebra (group A: intermediate screw 4.5 mm, ≤35 mm+less than 50% of the vertebral corpus length, m/f: 13/4, n: 17, age: 36.5; group B: intermediate screw 5.5 mm, ≥40 mm+more than 70% of the vertebral corpus length, m/f: 11/8, n: 19, age: 42.6). All patients were periodically evaluated clinically and radiologically. Vertebral compression angle (VCA), anterior and posterior vertebral body height (ABH-PBH), intraoperative parameters (instrumentation time and intraoperative fluoroscopy number), and complications were compared between the 2 groups.

Results: Both groups were comparable with respect to age, sex, level of injury, AO classification, mechanism of injury, and American Spinal Cord Injury Association impairment scale. Restoration of VCA and vertebral corpus heights was achieved sufficiently in both groups after operation (P < .0001). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of early postoperative VCA, VCA measured at final follow-up, or loss of correction in VCA. At the last follow-up, PBH was statistically significantly better preserved in group B (P=.0424). There was no difference between the 2 groups in terms of operation time and the number of intraoperative fluoroscopies. Implant failure was observed in 1 patient in group A.

Conclusion: This study has revealed that using a long, thick pedicle screw placed in the fractured vertebra can better preserve the PBH at the final follow-up. No correlation was found between the size of the intermediate screw and the preservation of the correction in the postoperative vertebral heights and VCA during the follow-up.

Level of Evidence: Level III, Therapeutic Study.

Cite this article as: Öztürk AM, Süer O, Aydemir S, Kılıçlı B, Akçalı Ö. The effect of the size of pedicle screw on the long-term radiological and clinical results of short-segment posterior instrumentation in the management of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc., 2024;58(1):20-26.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294