Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

Percutaneous mesh-container-plasty versus percutaneous kyphoplasty in the treatment of malignant thoracolumbar compression fractures: a retrospective cohort study

1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Third affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China

AOTT 2022; 56: 395-401
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2022.22094
Read: 110 Downloads: 40 Published: 01 November 2022

Objective: This study aimed to compare the clinical and radiological results of percutaneous mesh-container-plasty versus percutaneous kyphoplasty in the treatment of malignant thoracolumbar compression fractures.

Methods: Patients with malignant thoracolumbar compression fractures treated in a single tertiary care center between January 2011 and December 2020 were retrospectively reviewed and included in the study. Ninety-four patients who were diagnosed by pathological biopsy were divided into 2 groups according to the type of surgical treatment: the percutaneous kyphoplasty group (50 patients: 24 male, 26 female; mean age=73.02 ± 7.79 years) and the percutaneous mesh-container-plasty group (44 patients: 21 male, 23 female; mean age=74.68 ± 7.88 years). The epidemiological data, surgical outcomes, and clinical and radiological features were compared between the 2 groups. Cement leakage, height restoration, deformity correction, and cement distribution were calculated from the radiographs. The visual analog scale, Oswestry disability index, Karnofsky performance scale scores, and short-form 36 health survey domains role physical and bodily pain were calculated preoperatively, immediately, and 1 year postoperatively.

Results: The visual analog scale score improved from 5 (range=4-6) preoperatively to 2 (range=2-3) immediately postoperatively in the percutaneous kyphoplasty group and from 5 (range=4-6) preoperatively to 2 (range=2-2) immediately postoperatively in the percutaneous mesh-container-plasty group; there was a significant difference between the 2 groups (P=.018). Although Oswestry disability index, Karnofsky performance scale, short-form 36 health survey domains bodily pain and role physical significantly improved in both groups after surgery compared to the preoperative period, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (P > .05). The mean cost in the percutaneous kyphoplasty group was lower than that in the percutaneous mesh-container-plasty group (5563 ± 439 vs. 6569 ± 344 thousand dollars, P < .05). There was no difference between the cement volume in the 2 groups, and cement distribution in the percutaneous mesh-container-plasty group was higher than that in the percutaneous kyphoplasty group (44.30% ± 10.25% vs. 32.54% ± 11.76%, P < .05). Cement leakage was found to be lesser in the percutaneous mesh-container-plasty group (7/44) than in the percutaneous kyphoplasty group (18/50, P < .05). There were no statistically significant differences in the recovery of vertebral body height and improvement of segmental kyphosis between the 2 groups (P > .05).

Conclusion: Percutaneous kyphoplasty and percutaneous mesh-container-plasty both have significant abilities in functional recovery, height restoration, and segment kyphosis improvement in treating malignant thoracolumbar compression fractures. Percutaneous meshcontainer-plasty may be better able to relieve pain, inhibit cement leakage, and improve cement distribution than percutaneous kyphoplasty. However, percutaneous mesh-container-plasty requires a relatively longer procedure and is more expensive than percutaneous kyphoplasty.

Level of Evidence: Level III, Therapeutic Study

Cite this article as: Li Y, Qian Y, Shen G, Tang C, Zhong X, He S. Percutaneous mesh-container-plasty versus percutaneous kyphoplasty in the treatment of malignant thoracolumbar compression fractures: a retrospective cohort study. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc., 2022;56(6):395-401.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294