Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Article

Minimal invasive surgery in the management of intra-articular calcaneal fractures: A retrospective comparison of screw fixation alone versus screw with small locking plate fixation techniques

1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

AOTT 2021; 55: 258-264
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2021.20003
Read: 177 Downloads: 44 Published: 27 May 2021

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiological outcomes of screw fixation alone versus screw with small locking plate fixation techniques in the management of intra-articular calcaneal fractures by minimal invasive surgery.

Methods: A total of 42 patients treated with minimally invasive surgery because of an intra-articular calcaneal fracture were retrospectively reviewed and included in the study. The patient were then divided into two groups based on the implemented surgical technique: Group A, 20 patients (16 male, 4 female; mean age = 43.41 ± 15.50) receiving screw fixation alone and group B, 22 patients (17 male, 5 female; mean age = 43.38 ± 14.00) receiving screw with small locking plate fixation. The radiographic assessment included Bohler’s, Gissane, joint line parallel, and calcaneal varus angles at immediate post-operative and 2-year follow up period through the calcaneal axial and lateral foot radiographs.

Results: There was a significant increase in joint line parallel angle from post-operative period to 2-year follow up in Group A compared to Group B, mean (SD) 3.27 (2.15) degrees versus (vs) 0.44 (3.00) degrees, P = 0.025. No statistical significant difference of the immediate, 2-year post-operative period and the change in Bohler’s−Gissane angle, calcaneal varus, and FAAM of ADL between groups were observed, P > 0.05. For time-point comparisons in each group, there was a significant loss of calcaneal varus and increase in joint line parallel angle from post-operative period to 2-year follow up in Group A, from mean (SD) 1.82 (11.22) to 4.41 (9.73) degrees and 4.09 (5.32) to 7.36 (5.24) degrees, P = 0.047 and <0.0001, respectively. Group A had statistical significant less complications as zero vs 5, P = 0.049.

Conclusion: The screw fixation alone seems to provide inferior stability of posterior facet fixation and calcaneal varus reduction with lower complication rates compared to screw with small-locking plate fixation.

Level of Evidence: Level III, Therapeutic Study

Cite this article as: Chotikkakamthorn N, Chanajit A, Tharmviboonsri T, Chuckpaiwong B, Harnroongroj T. Minimal invasive surgery in the management of intraarticular calcaneal fractures: A retrospective comparison of screw fixation alone versus screw with small locking plate fixation techniques. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2021; 55(3): 258-64.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294