Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Article

Mid-term results of open debridement and reattachment surgery for insertional Achilles tendinopathy: A retrospective clinical study

1.

Department of Foot-Ankle Surgery, Nişantaşı Orthopaedics Center, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Koç University Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Nişantaşı Orthopaedics Center, İstanbul, Turkey

AOTT 2020; 54: 567-571
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2020.18426
Read: 250 Downloads: 165 Published: 30 December 2020

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of age and body mass index (BMI) on the functional outcomes, satisfaction rates, and recovery time after open debridement and reattachment surgery in non-athletic patients with insertional Achilles tendinopathy (IAT).

Methods: In this retrospective study, 33 non-athletic patients (34 ankles) in whom open debridement and reattachment surgery was performed for IAT from 2006 to 2016 were included. Change in pain intensity was assessed using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) preoperatively and at the final follow-up. Functional assessment was done by preoperative and postoperative American Orthopaedics Foot and Ankle Score (AOFAS) and final follow-up Victorian Institute of Sport Tendon Study Group-Achilles Tendinopathy score (VISA-A). Patient satisfaction was evaluated by Roles & Maudsley score (RMS). The recovery time was defined as the time interval from the first appearance to postoperative relief of symptoms and recording. In addition, the recurrent Haglund’s deformity was determined by postoperative control radiographs.

Results: The mean age at the time of the operation was 51.19 years. The mean follow-up was 61.75±8.49 months. According to BMI, 5 patients were determined as morbid obese, 19 as obese, 3 as overweight, and 6 as normal. The mean VAS score significantly decreased from 8.5 preoperatively to 1.3 postoperatively (p<0.001). The mean AOFAS score significantly improved from 55.8 preoperatively to 92 postoperatively (p<0.001). Postoperative VISA-A score was 86% (range=32%-100%). According to RMS, 22 patients reported the result as excellent, 8 as good, 2 as fair, and 1 as poor. The mean recovery time was 11.8 (range=2-60) months, but one patient did not reach a symptom free status and thus was not included in the recovery time analysis. Postoperative control radiographs revealed signs of recurrence deformity in four patients. Recovery time showed a negative correlation with the age of the patients (r=-0.65). Postoperative scores and BMI showed no significant correlations with the recovery time on the basis of Spearman’s rho test (p=0.196).

Conclusion: The results of this study have shown that open debridement and reattachment surgery may be an effective surgical method in relieving pain and improving functional status with high satisfaction rate and acceptable recovery time in the management of non-athletic patients with IAT.

Level of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic study

Cite this article as: Yontar NS, Aslan L, Can A, Öğüt T. Mid-term results of open debridement and reattachment surgery for insertional Achilles tendinopathy: A retrospective clinical study. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020; 54(6): 567-71.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294