Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Article

Expression and significance of related genes in the early stage of post-traumatic heterotopic ossification in a rat model of Achilles tenotomy

1.

Department of Orthopedics, Southern Medical University Affiliated Fengxian Hospital, Shanghai, China

2.

Department of Orthopedics, The People's Hospital of Three Gorges University, The First People's Hospital of Yichang, Yichang, Hubei, China

3.

The Third School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China

AOTT 2021; 55: 94-101
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2021.18480
Read: 9 Downloads: 2 Published: 06 April 2021

Objective: This study aims to determine expression profiles of relevant genes in the early stages of post-traumatic heterotopic ossification (HO) in a rat model of Achilles tenotomy.

Methods: A total of 80 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to two groups: the HO group and the control group. Tenotomy was performed in the Achilles tendon of the rats in the HO group, and no intervention was conducted in the control group. On the 3rd, 5th, 8th, and 14th days after the operation, 8 rats were taken from each group at each time point, and the Achilles tendon and surrounding tissue specimens were collected. Gene expressions of TGF-β, BMP, GDF, IL, and MMP families as well as TNF-α, HIF-1α chordin, gremlin, noggin, and NODAL were analyzed by qRT-PCR. The relevant genes that were highly expressed at different time points were screened, and immunohistochemical staining was then used to verify their expression. At the 10th week, HO formation was explored by radiographic and histological examination in the remaining 8 rats of each group.

Results: Both the radiographic and histological analyses indicated that all the rats developed HO in the HO group (100%), whereas no HO occurred in the control group. Surrounding tissues obtained from the HO group showed significantly higher gene expressions of TGF-β1, BMP-1, IL1β, HIF-1α, and MMP-2 but lower expressions of BMP-4, GDF-8, and TNF-α compared with the control group. In addition, immunohistochemical staining confirmed the higher protein expression levels of relevant genes in the HO group. 

Conclusion: TGF-β1, BMP-1, IL-1β, HIF-1α, MMP-2, BMP4, GDF-8, and TNF-α may be associated with the formation of traumatic HO; and BMP4, GDF-8, and TNF-α may play a protective role in the early stage of HO. In this study, we investigated the expression levels of the related cytokines in the early stages of traumatic HO in the Achilles tendon tenotomy rat model to better understand the pathogenesis of HO.

Cite this article as: Yu D, Ju J, Xue F, Zhao Y, Shi W, Xiao H. Expression and significance of related genes in the early stage of post-traumatic heterotopic ossification in a rat model of Achilles tenotomy. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2021; 55(2): 94-101.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294