Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

Elastic stable intramedullary nailing for treatment of pediatric forearm fractures: A 15-year single centre retrospective study of 173 cases

1.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital of Split, Split, Croatia

2.

Department of Surgery, University of Split, School of Medicine, Split, Croatia

3.

Department of Anesthesiology, Reanimatology and Intensive Care, University Hospital of Split, Split, Croatia

AOTT 2020; 54: 378-384
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2020.19128
Read: 311 Downloads: 149 Published: 21 May 2020

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes and complications in children treated with elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) for forearm fracture.

Methods: The study included 173 patients (126 men and 47 women; median age: 11 years (range: 3-17 years) treated with ESIN for forearm fracture between May 2002 and May 2018. Immobilization was not performed after the surgery. The median follow-up was 68 months (range: 3-161 months). The etiology, healing time, and complications were recorded.

Results: All patients achieved complete radiographic healing at a median of 6.8 weeks (range: 4-11 weeks). The most common injuries were sport related (n=65) and by falling from standing height (n=57), followed by injuries from bicycle riding, motorbike accidents, road traffic accidents, and fights. Fifteen (8.76%) postoperative complications were recorded: eight entry-site skin irritations, two cases of skin infection, two refractures, and one case each of nail migration, injury of ulnar nerve, and pseudoarthrosis. All complications, except cases of refractures and pseudoarthrosis, were treated conservatively, with no long-term consequences for the patients. Patients with refractures and pseudoarthrosis were reoperated, and complete function of the extremities was fully restored.

Conclusion: ESIN for treatment of forearm fractures in children shows good functional and cosmetic results. This is a minimally invasive, cast-free, simple, and reproducible technique, with a low complication rate. Owing to these excellent objective and subjective results, surgical stabilization of the forearm fracture using ESIN is recommended in children and adolescents.

Level of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic study

Cite this article as: Pogorelić Z, Gulin M, Jukić M, Biliškov AN, Furlan D. Elastic stable intramedullary nailing for treatment of pediatric forearm fractures: A 15-year single centre retrospective study of 173 cases . Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020; 54(4): 378-84.

Files
ISSN1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294