Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Article

Effects of vertebral fusion on levels of pro-inflammatory and catabolic mediators in a rabbit model of intervertebral disc degeneration

1.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Surgery Medicine, Dokuz Eylül University, School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

2.

Department of Medical Laboratory Techniques, İzmir University of Economics, Vocational School of Health Services, İzmir, Turkey

3.

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Dokuz Eylül University, School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey

AOTT 2021; 55: 246-252
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2021.19195
Read: 323 Downloads: 122 Published: 27 May 2021

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the alterations in levels of pro-inflammatory and catabolic mediators following vertebral fusion in a rabbit model of intervertebral disc degeneration.

Methods: In this study, 24 female New Zealand albino rabbits (aged 4 to 5 months and weighing 3 to 3.5 kg) were used. All the animals were randomly categorized into four groups, and dorsal spinal exposure of all lumbar vertebrae was routinely performed in each group. While disc degeneration was created in groups B, C, and D, spinal fusion was added to disc degeneration in groups C and D. Disc degeneration was typically created by puncturing the discs with an 18-gauge needle under the guidance of C-arm imaging. Fusion was achieved with posterior/posterolateral decortication and iliac bone grafts. The rabbits in groups A, B, and C
were euthanized, and the discs were removed in the first week after the surgery. The rabbits in Group D were sacrificed, and the discs were harvested at 5 weeks after the surgery. The levels of Interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, Nitric Oxide (NO), Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP)-3, MMP-13, and Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) in the discs were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits.

Results: Significant increase was observed in the protein levels of both pro-inflammatory and catabolic mediators in disc degeneration groups (Group B, C, and D) compared to Group A. In the fusion groups (Group C and D), these increased mediators decreased, compared to non-fusion group (Group B), (IL1-β P = 0.017, TIMP-1 P = 0.03, NO P = 0.03). However, there was no statistically significant difference in mediator levels between the short- and long-term fusion (Group C versus D).

Conclusion: The results of this study have shown that a significant decrease in pro-inflammatory and catabolic mediators may be expected after vertebral fusion whereas there may be no significant difference between the first and fourth week of fusion surgery. These findings may contribute to clarifying the mechanism of action of vertebral fusion in the treatment of low back pain.

Cite this article as: Dumanlıdağ D, Keleş D, Oktay G, Koşay C. Effects of vertebral fusion on levels of pro-inflammatory and catabolic mediators in a rabbit model of intervertebral disc degeneration. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2021; 55(3): 246-52.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294