Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

Effects of isotretinoin and acitretin on neuroregeneration in experimental spinal cord injury

1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Düzce University, Faculty of Medicine, Düzce, Turkey

2.

Department of Histology and Embryology, Düzce University, Faculty of Medicine, Düzce, Turkey

AOTT 2023; 57: 127-133
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2023.22128
Read: 843 Downloads: 435 Published: 23 August 2023

Objective: This study aimed to determine whether isotretinoin and acitretin have beneficial effects on neural tissue damage following acute spinal cord injury.

Methods: Thirty-six rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: control, sham spinal cord injury, spinal cord injury with isotretinoin 15 mg/kg for 14 days, spinal cord injury with isotretinoin 15 mg/kg for 28 days, spinal cord injury with acitretin 10 mg/kg for 14 days, and spinal cord injury with acitretin 10 mg/kg for 28 days. The damage to the spinal cord was formed by the clip compression technique. A neurological evaluation was conducted on days 1, 14, and 28. All rats were sacrificed following the treatment period, and samples of their spinal cords were collected for histopathological analysis.

Results: The inclined plane angle was significantly increased on the 14th and 28th days in the isotretinoin 15 mg and acitretin 10 mg groups, compared to the spinal injury group (P=.049 and P=.009, respectively). The Drummond–Moore criterion was significantly higher in the acitretin 10 mg group than in the injury group (P=.026). Cleaved Caspase-3 expression was similar in the isotretinoin 15 mg day 28 group and the control group (P > .05), but significantly decreased in the acitretin 10 mg 14th-day and acitretin 10 mg 28th-day groups compared to spinal injury isotretinoin 15 mg 14th-day and isotretinoin 15 mg 28th-day groups (P < .05).

Conclusion: This was the first study elaborating that isotretinoin and acitretin reduced neuronal apoptosis and improved functional recovery after spinal cord injury. These neuroprotective effects might open a window of opportunity for patients.

Cite this article as: Kılıç G, Polat Ö, Şensoy D, Soylu H. Effects of isotretinoin and acitretin on neuroregeneration in experimental spinal cord injury. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc., 2023;57(4):127-133.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294