Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Article

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Turkish version of the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society scoring system in patients with musculoskeletal tumors

1.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Hitit University, Erol Olçok Training and Research Hospital, Çorum, Turkey

2.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Koç University, School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Ankara Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

4.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

AOTT 2021; 55: 141-146
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2021.20195
Read: 11 Downloads: 2 Published: 06 April 2021

Objective: This study aimed to translate and cross-culturally adapt the musculoskeletal tumor society (MSTS) scoring system into Turkish and to determine the reliability and validity of the translated version for the functional evaluation of patients with musculoskeletal tumors.

Methods: A total of 36 patients (16 women, 20 men; mean age=36.6; age range=13–75 years) who underwent limb-salvage surgery owing to benign aggressive or malignant musculoskeletal tumors were included in the study. Translation and back translations of the MSTS were performed according to the published guidelines. Short form (SF) 36 physical component, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH), and range of motion scale (ROMS) that were previously analyzed for Turkish validation were used for validity. Reliability of MSTS Turkish version was evaluated by calculating test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate the inter-observer consistency and test-retest reliability. Alpha coefficient (Cronbach’s alpha) was used to evaluate the internal consistency.

Results: It was observed that total MSTS score has a strong negative correlation with DASH (r=−0.689; p<0.001) and WOMAC scores (r=−0.634; p<0.001) and moderate correlation with the ROMS score (r=0.521; p<0.001). Total MSTS score also had a statistically significant strong correlation with SF-36 scores (r values ranging from 0.425 to 0.609, p<0.001). Inter and intra-observer reliability of the MSTS scale was found to be excellent (Cronbach’s α=0.97 p<0.001; ICC: 0.97 (0.96–0.99; p<0.001). Unlike other subscales, statistical correlation between dexterity and hand-positioning subscales of MSTS with DASH scores was found to be insignificant (r=−0.533, p =0.061 and r=−0.336, p=0.261, respectively).

Conclusion: The Turkish version of the MSTS scoring system seems to be a valid and reliable scale that measures the correct and desired values in the evaluation of health-related quality of life in orthopedic oncology. Reliability coefficients of the Turkish version of MSTS were determined to be strong.
Level of Evidence: Level II, Diagnostic Study

Cite this article as: Ocaktan B, Deveci MA, Tokgöz MA, Yapar A, Şimşek A. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Turkish version of the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society scoring system in patients with musculoskeletal tumors. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2021; 55(2): 141-6.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294