Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Article

Comparison of treatment results between surgical and conservative treatment of distal radius fractures in adults: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

1.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou, Fujian, China

2.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Fuzhou Second Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University, the Teaching Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China

3.

School of Medicine, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, China

4.

Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, China

AOTT 2021; 55: 118-126
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2021.20168
Read: 17 Downloads: 7 Published: 06 April 2021

Objective: This meta-analysis study aims to determine the efficacy and safety of surgical and conservative treatments for distal radius fractures (DRFs) in adults.

Methods: Reports of randomized controlled trials were retrieved from the Web of Science, Pubmed, Google Scholar, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Medline, Ovid, and BIOSIS for studies that met the eligibility criteria. The search was limited to human subjects and had no language limits. The search strategy was check by two independent reviewers. If there was any dispute, a third reviewer was consulted. Primary outcomes were: (1) the active wrist range of motion including flexion, extension, pronation, supination, radial, and ulnar deviation; (2) the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score; and (3) radiological outcomes including radial inclination and ulnar variance. Secondary outcomes were the number of complications including non-infectious and infectious. Quality assessment was performed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool provided by the Cochrane Review Manager 5.3.

Results: A total of 10 randomized controlled trials were included. The meta-analysis detected no statistically significant difference in pooled data for complications not included infection (MD 0.64, CI: 0.33 to 1.23, Z=1.34, p=0.18). Surgical treatment achieved a better range of motion (MD 3.76, CI: 1.58 to 5.95, Z=3.37, p=0.0007), DASH score (MD -6.57, CI: -9.08 to -4.06, Z=5.12, p<0.00001), and radiographic outcomes (MD 3.75, CI: 2.75 to 4.74, Z=7.37, p<0.00001) compared with conservative treatment. In contrast, the conservative treatment achieved less infection rate compared with surgical treatment (MD 4.09, CI: 1.18 to 14.21, Z=2.21, p=0.03). 

Conclusion: Findings of this study reveal that when compared with conservative treatment, surgical treatment can ensure better clinical and radiological results for the treatment of DRFs in adults. Although similar complication rates can be encountered with both treatment modalities, it should be taken into account that the rate of infection may be higher in surgical treatment. 
Level of Evidence: Level I, Therapeutic Study

Cite this article as: Chen Y, Lin C, Huang X, Lin F, Luo X. Comparison of treatment results between surgical and conservative treatment of distal radius fractures in adults: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2021; 55(2): 118-26.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294