Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Article

Can sterility of stripped iodophor-impregnated plastic adhesive drape be maintained at the time of incision closure in total hip arthroplasty?

1.

Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kanagawa Rehabilitation Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan

2.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Jikei University, School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

AOTT 2020; 54: 587-590
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2020.19084
Read: 200 Downloads: 42 Published: 30 December 2020

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the contamination rates of the skin under the iodophor-impregnated plastic adhesive drape (IOD) at the time of incision closure in total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: A total of 225 patients undergoing primary THA (28 men, 197 women; mean age=65 years; age range=30-85) were included in this study. After asepsis using a solution of 1% chlorhexidine with 83% alcohol by volume, the surgical site was painted with a 10% povidone-iodine solution, and IOD was attached tautly at the start of surgery. Swabs of the surgical site were collected as follows: swab A from the skin before IOD application, swab B from the surface of the IOD at the time of incision closure, and swab C from the skin after peeling back the IOD. The obtained samples were promptly sent for microbiological analysis. The contamination rate was determined for swabs A, B, and C, and the contamination rate of swab C was compared with that of swabs A and B, and the bacterial species were identified.

Results: Positive cultures were seen in 8 cases (3.6%) for swab A, 10 cases (4.4%) for swab B, and 22 cases (9.8%) for swab C. The contamination rate of swab C was significantly higher than that of swabs A (p=0.008) and B (p=0.028). Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (n=10) and Cutibacterium acnes (n=7) were the most frequently cultured microorganisms from swab C.

Conclusion: In THA, the contamination rate of the skin after peeling off the IOD before incision closure was higher than that of the skin immediately after sterilization with povidone-iodine and higher than that on the IOD at the time of incision closure. The detected bacterial species were considered clinically significant pathogens. Preventive measures against infection, such as minimizing stripping of the IOD or re-sterilizing bare skin after IOD stripping, should be instituted in consideration of these findings when performing THA using IOD.

Cite this article as: Tonotsuka H, Sugiyama H, Tanaka D, et al. Can sterility of stripped iodophor-impregnated plastic adhesive drape be maintained at the time of incision closure in total hip arthroplasty? Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020; 54(6): 587-90.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294