Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

Analysis of risk factors affecting mortality in elderly patients operated on for hip fractures: A retrospective comparative study

1.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, İzmir University of Economics, Medical Park Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

2.

Clinic of Orthopedics and Traumatology, İzmir Ekol Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

3.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, İzmir University of Economics, Medical Park Hospital, İzmir, Turkey

AOTT 2021; 55: 493-499
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2021.21004
Read: 291 Downloads: 57 Published: 22 December 2021

Objective: The aims of this study were (1) to investigate the effects of different demographic and perioperative modalities on mortality rates and (2) to compare mortality rates between different implants in elderly patients operated on for hip fractures.
Methods: In this retrospective study, a total of 314 patients who were operated on for hip fractures were included study. Patients were then divided into four groups based in their implant types: long-stem cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty (n = 124; 102 female, 22 male; mean age = 84.2 ± 6.4 years), standard-stem cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty (n = 74; 48 female, 26 male; mean age = 83.5 ± 6.9 years), antegrade intertrochanteric nail (n = 61; 35 female, 26 male; mean age = 78.5 ± 6.8 years), and total hip arthroplasty (n = 55; 34 female, 21 male; mean age = 72.5 ± 4.3 years). Data including gender, age, duration from injury to surgery, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, comorbidities, use of antiplatelet agents, Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living, type of anesthesia, operation time, preoperative hemoglobin values, blood transfusions given, duration of hospital stay, complications, and type of fracture were recorded.
Results: Overall, the mean follow-up was 36.5 (range = 0 – 107) months. The overall mortality rate was 53.2%. The median survival duration was 44.2 ± 5 months (range = 34.3 – 54). Survival rates were found significantly different among the groups (P = 0.001). In the first three years postoperatively, the mortality rate was higher in the standard-stem bipolar hemiarthroplasty group, but in the long-term follow-up, the long-stem bipolar hemiarthroplasty group exhibited the higher mortality rates. It was observed that some parameters had statistically significant effects on the mortality rates. Male gender, higher age, lower hemoglobin values, increased number of blood transfusions, ASA scores ≥3, the existence of ≥ 3 comorbidities were found as main predictors of increased mortality rates.
Conclusion: The results of this study have shown that age, gender, preoperative hemoglobin levels, ASA scores, and comorbidities are significant factors affecting mortality in elderly patients operated on for hip fractures. Long-stem cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty appears to show similar rates of mortality with standard-stem cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty.
Level of Evidence: Level III, Therapeutic Study
Cite this article as: Biçen Ç, Akdemir M, Türken MA, et al. Analysis of risk factors affecting mortality in elderly patients operated on for hip fractures: A retrospective comparative study. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2021; 55(6): 493–499.

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