Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

An investigation into the quality of life improvements after vertebral osteomyelitis depending on the status of pathogen detection

1.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, Krankenhaus Porz am Rhein, Cologne, Germany

2.

Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany

3.

Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Cologne, Cologne, Germany

AOTT 2024; 58: 130-134
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2024.23073
Read: 338 Downloads: 149 Published: 01 March 2024

Objective: This study aimed to compare clinical characteristics and quality of life (QoL) after vertebral osteomyelitis (VO) based on the status of pathogen detection in microbiological sampling.

Methods: We conducted a post hoc data analysis from a prospective single-center study in a tertiary referral hospital, including VO patients from 2008 to 2020. Data were collected preoperatively (T0) and 1-year post surgery (T1). The primary outcome was QoL, assessed with the Oswestry Disability Index and Core Outcome Measures Index.

Results: Data from 133 patients with surgically treated thoracic or lumbar VO were evaluated. The pathogen was detected from cultured intraoperative samples in 100 (75.2%) patients (group 1). Culture remained negative in 33 (24.8%) patients (group 2). Quality of life did not differ significantly between the groups at T1. We observed higher preoperative C-reactive protein values and higher rates of spinal empyema at T0 in group 1.

Conclusion: Quality of life improved significantly for all patients at T1, but scores remained comparable to those reported by patients with chronic back pain. Quality of life was not affected by pathogen detection. However, attempts to detect pathogens are still indicated due to the concomitant findings, including bacteremia and epidural abscesses, along with the advantages of targeted antibiotic therapy. The most critical step for detection may be avoiding pre-sampling antibiotic administration.

Cite this article as: Beyer F, Wenk B, Jung N, Bredow J, Eysel P, Yagdiran A. An investigation into quality of life improvements after vertebral osteomyelitis depending on the status of pathogen detection. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc., 2024;58(2):130-134.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294