Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica

An anatomic study of the lateral patellofemoral ligament

AOTT 2017; 51: 73-76
DOI: 10.1016/j.aott.2016.07.009
Read: 226 Downloads: 163 Published: 07 February 2020

Objective: The lateral patellofemoral ligament (LPFL) is part of the lateral retinaculum cut during arthroscopic or open release. We investigated its anatomic and morphometric characteristics.

Materials and methods: We identified the LPFL insertion point on the condyle in vertical and sagittal planes in 32 adult cadaveric knees. We measured its length and width at the insertion point. We located the midpoint of this point and measured from it to the distal and posterior condylar ends. We measured anterior-posterior and proximal-distal lateral condylar lengths. We evaluated the insertion point shape on the lateral femoral condyle. Degree of relationship between variables was assessed using Pearson's correlation coefficient. p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The LPFL mean length was 23.2 mm, and mean width at the insertion point was 15.6 mm. Regarding its insertion into the lateral condyle, central insertions were more frequent (vertical plane: 53.1% central and sagittal plane: 75% central). A significant positive correlation was evident between the LPFL length and width at the insertion point (p ¼ 0.05). Thus, the LPFL length was proportional to its width at the insertion point. A significant positive correlation was found between the anterior-posterior condylar length and width of the LPFL at the insertion point (p ¼ 0.017). Therefore, greater anteriorposterior condylar length equates to a larger area of insertion on the condyle.

Conclusion: Greater width of the LPFL at the insertion point corresponds to greater LPFL and anteriorposterior lateral condylar lengths.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294