Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

A retrospective comparison of costs for the primary and revision total knee arthroplasty in Turkey

1.

Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Ankara University, İbn-i Sina Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

AOTT 2020; 54: 541-545
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2020.19114
Read: 149 Downloads: 52 Published: 28 October 2020

Objective: This study aimed to compare the cost profiles of patients who underwent a primary or revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and to determine the effects of the length of hospital stay, comorbidities, and septic and aseptic revision rates on the treatment costs.

Methods: A total of 1,487 patients who underwent primary (n=1,328; 1,131 females, 197 males) or revision TKA (n=159; 137 females, 22 males) between 2010 and 2017 at our institution were retrospectively included in the current study. The patients’ demographics (age and gender), the length of hospital stay, comorbidities, and septic and aseptic revision rates were collected from our hospital database. The total costs of revision and primary TKAs were calculated based on the prostheses and surgical equipment used, hospital stay, and other administrative costs in both the Turkish lira (TRY) and US dollar (USD) based on the parity of the 2 currencies from 2010 to 2017.

Results: The average cost per patient for primary TKAs was 7,985±2,927 TRY (5,265 USD) in 2010 and 7,070±1,775 TRY (1,852 USD) in 2017. The average cost for revision TKAs was 13,647±4,095 TRY (8,999 USD) in 2010 and 22,806±6,155 TRY (5,973 USD) in 2017. In terms of the total costs, significant differences existed over the years, with a significantly higher difference in 2015 compared with that from 2010 to 2013 (p<0.001); however, no difference was determined among the age groups (p=0.675). The difference between the total costs of the septic (n=34; 17,964±13,028 TRY) and aseptic revisions (n=125; 23,377±12,815 TRY) was significant (p=0.001), with a higher cost for patients with septic TKAs but with no significant difference between the total costs for the patients with and without comorbidities (p=0.254). Additionally, the length of hospital stay was 2 times higher in patients with revision TKAs than in those with primary TKAs (12.3 vs 6.2 days).

Conclusion: Revision TKAs cause higher costs than primary TKAs, with a prolonged hospital stay. The septic background seems to be an independent predictive factor for increased costs in revision TKAs.

Cite this article as: Güngör E, Başarır K, Binnet MS. A retrospective comparison of costs for the primary and revision total knee arthroplasty in Turkey. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020; 54(5): 541-5

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294