Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Paper

A New Total Knee Arthroplasty Technique for Valgus Knees that preserves the deep layer of the medial collateral ligament


Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata City, Japan

AOTT 2022; 56: 205-209
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2022.21161
Read: 223 Downloads: 186 Published: 02 June 2022

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes and complications, such as tibiofemoral instability and recurrence of valgus deformity, of total knee arthroplasty for valgus knees with a new technique preserving the deep layer of the medial collateral ligament.

Methods: In this study 33 (4 male and 29 female) patients, and a total of 36 (26 knees with osteoarthritis and 10 with rheumatoid arthritis) knees with a standing femorotibial angle (FTA) of <170° were included. Posterior Stabilized (PS) implants were used in 34 knees, rotating hinged knee implants were used in 2 knees. The procedures were carried out by a single surgeon protecting the deep layer of the medial collateral ligament. The patients’ average age at the time of the operation was 67.6 ± 12 years, and the average follow-up period was 9.0 ± 3 years (range, 4-15 years). The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) knee score, range of motion (ROM) (extension/flexion; measured in degrees), FTA (measured in degrees) and complications were investigated.

Results: The Japanese Orthopaedic Association knee score significantly improved from an average of 51 ± 12 points before the operation to 86 ± 9 points after the operation (P <0.001). The extension ROM and flexion ROM improved from, -13 ± 13° to a postoperative average of -2 ± 4°, and 115 ± 25° to a postoperative average of 125 ± 18° respectively (P <0.001). The standing FTA significantly improved from 158 ± 9° to an average of 173 ± 2° after the operation (P <0.001). Thirty-four knees with severe valgus deformity were operated on using pos- terior stabilised implants, while only two knees required constrained implants. During follow-up, no complications, such as tibiofemoral instability, recurrence of valgus deformity, patellar necrosis, deep infection, wound problems, or peroneal nerve paralysis were observed.

Conclusion: This study has shown us that after performing TKA while preserving the d-MCL for valgus knee deformity good clinical results were obtained and no complications were observed.

Level of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic Study

Cite this article as: Ohno H, Murata M, Kamo T, Sugimoto H, Saito T. A new total knee arthroplasty technique for valgus knees that preserves the deep layer of the medial collateral ligament. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2022;56(3):205-209.

ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294