Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

A new configuration of lateral-pin fixation for pediatric supracondylar humeral fracture: A biomechanical analysis

1.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, İstanbul University, İstanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

AOTT 2024; 58: 110-115
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2024.21091
Read: 387 Downloads: 171 Published: 01 March 2024

Objective: The aim of this study was to biomechanically compare a new lateral-pinning technique, in which pins engage the medial and lateral columns of the distal humerus in a divergent configuration in both the axial and sagittal planes instead of the coronal plane, with the cross-pin, and with 2 and 3 coronally divergent lateral-pin techniques in a synthetic humerus model of supracondylar humerus fractures.

Methods: Thirty-six identical synthetic models of the humerus simulating a standardized supracondylar humerus fracture were included in this study. They were divided into 4 groups based on the pin configuration of fixation: the new 3-lateral pin-fixation technique (group A), 2 crossed pins (group B), 3 divergent lateral pins (group C), and 2 divergent lateral pins (group D). Each model was subjected to combined axial and torsional loading, and then torsional stability and torsional stiffness (Nmm/°) were recorded.

Results: Group A had greater rotational stability than groups C and D but had no statistically significant additional rotational stability compared with group B (P=.042, P=.008, P=.648, respectively), whereas group B had greater rotational stability than only group D (P=.020). Furthermore, group A demonstrated higher internal rotational stiffness compared with groups C and D (P=.038, P=.006, respectively). Group B had better internal rotational stiffness than group D (P=.015). There was no significant difference in internal rotational stiffness between groups A and B (P=. 542), groups B and C (P=.804), and groups D and C (P=.352). Although no statistically significant differences existed between groups A and B, the modified pin configuration exhibited the highest torsional stability and stiffness. Group D showed the lowest values in all biomechanical properties.

Conclusion: This study has shown us that this new lateral-pinning technique may provide torsional resistance to internal rotational displacement as strong as the standard technique of crossed-pin configuration of fixation. Furthermore, with this new pin configuration, greater torsional resistance can be obtained than with either the standard 2- or the standard 3-lateral divergent pin configuration.

Cite this article as: Bilgili F, Demirel M, Birişik F, Balcı Hİ, Sunbuloglu E, Bozdag E. A new configuration of lateral-pin fixation for pediatric supracondylar humeral fracture: A biomechanical analysis. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc., 2024;58(2):110-115.

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ISSN 1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294