Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
Research Articles

The role of the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in the prediction of length and cost of hospital stay in patients with infected diabetic foot ulcers: A retrospective comparative study

1.

Department of Endocrinology, Harran University, School of Medicine, Şanlıurfa, Turkey

2.

Department of Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine, Harran University, School of Medicine, Şanlıurfa, Turkey

3.

Department of Internal Medicine, Harran University, School of Medicine, Şanlıurfa, Turkey

AOTT 2020; 54: 127-131
DOI: 10.5152/j.aott.2020.02.518
Read: 15 Downloads: 16 Published: 26 March 2020

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the role of new inflammatory markers, including the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), in the prediction of length and cost of hospital stay in patients with infected diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs).

Methods: A total of 78 patients with DFUs who were admitted to our endocrinology clinic between January 2016 and July 2017 were included. Patients were then divided into three groups according to the Wagner DFU classification system: group 1: 18 patients with grade 2 DFU (11 men, 7 women; mean age = 57.5±7 years); group 2: 44 patients with grade 3 DFU (18 men, 26 women; mean age = 59.7±8.7 years); and group 3: 16 patients with grade 4 DFU (10 men, 6 women; mean age = 59.9±11.6 years). Laboratory findings were retrospectively obtained from hospital records; the PLR and NLR were calculated in all groups. Length and cost of hospital stay were recorded. Hospital costs were estimated in Turkish Lira (TL) based on the evaluation of glucose regulation, wound care, and antibiotic treatment.

Results: The mean NLR was significantly lower in group 1 (2.8±0.9) than in group 2 (6.0±5.2; p=0.017) and group 3 (6.9±5.3; p=0.011). The mean PLR was significantly lower in group 1 (140.8±42.6) than in group 3 (222.1±95.5; p=0.006). The mean length of stay was 7.9±2.7 days in group 1, 15.0±8.9 days in group 2, and 12.5±8.9 days in group 3. The mean cost was 1,310.8±500 TL in group 1, 2,966.9±2105 TL in group 2, and 3,488.1±3603.1 TL in group 3. Length and cost of stay were both significantly lower in group 1 than in groups 2 and 3 (p=0.011 and p=0.002, respectively). Comparative results showed that the length and cost of hospital stay increased with increasing severity of DFUs. Furthermore, correlation analyses demonstrated no correlation of length of stay with PLR and NLR but an obvious correlation between cost of stay and PLR (r=0.412; p<0.001). Additionally, there was no correlation between cost of stay and NLR (r=0.158, p>0.05).

Conclusion: The PLR is inflammatory marker that can be measured by an inexpensive and easily accessible test and can aid in the prediction of length and cost of hospital stay in patients with DFUs.

Level of Evidence: Level III, Therapeutic study

Cite this article as: Eren MA, Güneş AE, Kırhan İ, Sabuncu T. The role of the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in the prediction of length and cost of hospital stay in patients with infected diabetic foot ulcers: A retrospective comparative study. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020; 54(2): 127-31.

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ISSN1017-995X EISSN 2589-1294