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Vol 53, No 3 (2019) Pages : 199- 202

Kyphosis – A risk factor for positioning brachial plexopathy during spinal surgeries

Mirza BİSCEVİC, Aida SEHİC, Sejla BİSCEVİC, Ismet GAVRANKAPETANOVİC, Barbara SMRKE, Damir VUKOMANOVİC, Ferid KRUPİC

Abstract
Objective
The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences in transcranial electric motor-evoked potentials – TceMEP on upper limbs and the incidences of postoperative brachial plexopathy between patients with kyphotic and scoliotic trunk shapes.
Methods
In the period of January 2011–January 2017, 61 consecutive patients (mean age: 18.4 years ± 4.4 years (range: 10–32)) with pediatric spinal deformity underwent surgery in our Department. Eight of them had a kyphotic trunk deformity (Scheuermann kyphosis, neurofibromatosis, posterior thoracic hemivertebra), and the rest of the 53 patients had a scoliotic trunk deformity (mostly adolescent idiopathic scoliosis – AIS, lateral hemivertebra). The TceMEP recordings in all four limbs were analyzed every 30 min, or upon the surgeon's command. Upper limb TceMEP recordings were used as a control of systemic and anesthetic related changes, and as the indicator of positioning brachial plexopathy.
Results
Four out of 8 patients (50.0%) from the kyphotic group experienced noteworthy decreases in TceMEP amplitude (?65%) in one or both arms, and only 2 out of 53 patients (3.8%) from the scoliotic group, confirming significant statistical difference (Chi-square 16.75, p < 0.05). Two out of 8 patients with decreases in TceMEP amplitude suffered from transitory postoperative brachial plexopathy, and both of them were from the kyphotic group.
Conclusion
It seems that kyphotic trunks have a higher risk for positioning-related brachial plexopathy, probably due to distribution of trunk's weight onto only four points (two iliac bones and two shoulders), compared to the scoliotic trunks that have wider weight-bearing areas. We emphasize the importance of proper patient positioning and close intraoperative neuro-monitoring of all four limbs in more than one channel per limb.
Level of Evidence
Level IV Therapeutic Study.
ER -

Keywords
Brachial plexopathy Motor-evoked potentials Spine deformity Trunk Kyphosis Scoliosis