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Vol 53, No 3 (2019) Pages : 175- 179

Effects of topical tranexamic acid during open reduction and internal fixation of acetabular fractures: A retrospective study

Sandeep KASHYAP, Shweta MAHAJAN, Mukand LAL

Abstract
Objective
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of topical tranexamic acid on blood loss and transfusion rates in acetabular fracture surgery.
Methods
The medical records of 61 patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation for acetabular fracture between 2012 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups: Group I consisted of 31 patients (19 men and 12 women, mean age: 52 ± 19 years) who received intraoperatively a topical tranexamic acid solution of 3 g and Group 2 consisted of 30 control patients (17 men and 13 women, mean age: 48 ± 24 years) who received only 0.9% saline solution. The groups were compared based on their intraoperative blood loss, Postoperative drain output at 24 and 48 h, and postoperative hemoglobin levels, and transfusion rates.
Results
The mean intraoperative blood loss was 410 ± 100 ml in Group 1, compared to 570 ml ± 160 ml of the control group (p < 0.05). The postoperative drain output after 24 h was 210 ± 70 ml in Group 1 compared to 330 ± 90 ml of the control group (p < 0.05). The drain output at 48 h was (50 ± 20 ml) in group 1 compared to 90 ± 40 ml of the control group (p < 0.05). The transfusion rate was significantly low group 1 (42%) than the control group (97%). Hemoglobin drop was again significantly less in tranexamic acid group (2.1 ± 1.1) than the control group (3.2 ± 1.3). The nadir postoperative hemoglobin was higher in the Group 1 (10.4 ± 1.5) than the control group (9.2 ± 1.3).
Conclusion
Topical administration of tranexamic acid reduces intraoperative and postoperative blood loss in acetabular fracture surgery, decreasing transfusion rates.
Level of Evidence
Level III, Therapeutic Study.
ER -

Keywords
Acetabulum Fracture Tranexamic acid Topical Blood transfusion