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Vol 53, No 3 (2019) Pages : 170- 174

Mid-term results with an anatomic stemless shoulder prosthesis in patients with primary osteoarthritis

Matthias BÜLHOFF, David SPRANZ, Michael MAİER, Patric RAİSS, Thomas BRUCKNER, Felix ZEİFANG

Abstract
Objective
The introduction of a stemless prosthesis in shoulder arthroplasty represents a novel design whereby the proximal humerus is restored anatomically, while leaving the diaphysis of the humerus untouched. The aim of this study was to present the mid-term results of total evolutive shoulder system (TESS; Biomet®), a stemless shoulder prosthesis.
Methods
The study included 38 consecutive patients (18 men and 20 women; mean age: 66 years; range: 55-81 years) treated with shoulder arthroplasty between 2009 and 2011 with TESS for primary glenohumeral arthritis. Total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) was performed in 28 cases (74%), hemi-shoulder arthroplasty (HSA) in 10 (26%). Constant score, active range of motion, patient satisfaction rate, and radiological assessment were analyzed. Mean time of follow-up was 37 months.
Results
Constant score improved from 21.8 points (28.6 adjusted for age) preoperatively to 74.1 points (86.6 adjusted for age) postoperatively. Active range of motion increased significantly from the pre- to postoperative status. Eighty-nine percent were very satisfied or satisfied with shoulder replacement surgery. One cemented glenoid was revised due to aseptic loosening. None of the components were found to be loose at the final follow-up. No signs of stress shielding were seen.
Conclusions
This study shows promising results of this implant concept in the short- to mid-term. These results are comparable with the results achieved with long-established arthroplasty designs.
Level of Evidence
Level IV, Therapeutic Study.
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Keywords
Stemless shoulder arthroplasty Glenohumeral osteoarthritis T.E.S.S. Primary shoulder osteoarthritis Total shoulder arthroplasty