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Vol 52, No 6 (2018) Pages : 419- 422

Subacromial space volume in patients with rotator cuff tear: The effect of surgical repair

Murad PEPE, Onur KOCADAL, Zafer GUNES, Emre CALİSAL, Ertugrul AKSAHİN, Cem Nuri AKTEKİN

Abstract
Objective
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the rotator cuff tear repair on subacromial space volume.
Methods
We retrospectively identified 21 eligible patients (5 males and 16 females; mean age: 56.4 (range; 46–71) years) who had shoulder arthroscopy for unilateral full-thickness small to medium rotator cuff tear and normal controlateral shoulder joint. The mean follow-up time was 16.1 (range; 12–25) months. Preoperative and postoperative 1 year bilateral shoulder MRIs and Constant scores were reviewed. Subacromial volume was calculated by using Osirix software. Pre-, postoperative and healthy side (contralateral control group) subacromial volumes were recorded. Paired sample and t-tests were used to compare the pre- and postoperative groups. Independent sample t-tests were used to compare the healthy and pre- and postoperative groups. The correlation between the changes in the subacromial volume and the shoulder Constant score were analyzed using Pearson correlation analyses.
Results
The mean subacromial volume of the preoperative group was 2.95 cm3 (range; 1.53–4.23) and the postoperative group was 3.59 cm3 (range; 2.12–4.84). The volume increase was statistically significant (p < 0.05). The mean subacromial volume of the control group was 3.93 cm3 (range; 2.77–5.03), and the difference between the preoperative group and the control group was statistically significant. There was no significant difference found between the postoperative group and the control group (p = 0.156). There was no significant correlation found between the volume and the constant score changes (r = 0.170, p = 0.515).
Conclusion
The subacromial space volume significantly decreases in full-thickness rotator cuff tears smaller than 3 cm and the surgical repair increases the subacromial volume significantly.
Level of evidence
Level IV; Diagnostic Study.
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Keywords
Subacromial space Volumetric analysis MR imaging Rotator cuff tear Full-thickness tear Single-row repair