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Vol 52, No 5 (2018) Pages : 348- 351

Long-term symptoms and function after war-related lower limb amputation: A national cross-sectional study

Elham ESFANDİARİ, Amir YAVARİ, Amir KARİMİ, Mehdi MASOUMİ, Mohammadreza SOROUSH, Hassan SAEEDİ

Abstract
Objective
The aim of this study was to document long-term symptoms and functional results following war-related knee disarticulation, trans-femoral amputation, and hip disarticulation.
Methods
An observational cross-sectional study was conducted in a 7-day recreational camp in Iran. One thousand patients with unilateral hip disarticulation, trans-femoral amputation and knee disarticulation due to war-related injuries were invited to undergo a thorough physical examination. Among the invited persons, 58.7% (587 subjects) responded to our invitations. A complete examination related to phantom pain, phantom sensation, stump pain, back pain, and sound limb joints pain with a self-constructed questionnaire was performed. In addition, Amputee Mobility Predictor (AMP) instrument with a prosthesis was completed to assess the function of patients.
Results
The mean duration of time since amputation was 22 years. The most common symptoms reported by participants were phantom sensation (82%), back pain (69%), and phantom pain (63%). In addition, total scores of AMP with a prosthesis in persons with knee disarticulation and trans-femoral amputations were 20.8 and 28, respectively. The knee disarticulation was associated with higher scores of AMP with a prosthesis compared to transfemoral amputation (p < 0.01).
Conclusion
The results of this study showed that patients with lower limb amputation suffer from significant clinical and functional problems. The findings may be useful to adopt new strategies in planning rehabilitation programs to improve quality of life and health status of patients with war-related lower limb amputation.
Level of Evidence
Level IV, Therapeutic study.
ER -

Keywords
Traumatic injury Veterans Back pain Artificial limbs Prosthesis