Intramedullary elastic nailing of the displaced radial neck fractures in children
The aim of this study was to report the clinical and radiological results of 11 patients with Judet type 3 severely displaced radial neck fractures, who were treated with intramedullary elastic nail fixation with the help of percutaneous K-wire reduction maneuver (Métaizeau technique). A total of 11 children (4 boys and 7 girls with a mean age of 7.7 (6–10) years) with Judet type 3 radial neck fractures were treated in our clinic between February 2013 and August 2015. The fractures were evaluated according to Judet classification system modified by Métaizeau. Reduction and fixation was performed within the first 24 h after injury in all patients. All fractures were treated by closed reduction using distal elastic intramedullary nail. Clinical evaluation was performed by measuring elbow range of motion (ROM) with goniometer, radiological evaluation by assessing fracture healing and functional evaluation by using Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS). The mean MEPS score increased from 15 points preoperatively to 88 points postoperatively (range, 12–95 points). Radiological evaluation revealed that all fractures healed with excellent or good alignment. The mean flexion was 150° (range, 145–154°), extension 1° (range, 0–2°), supination 82° (range, 80–86°), and pronation 83° (range, 80–85°). Reduction and osteosynthesis of radial neck fractures by intramedullary nailing with the help of percutaneous K-wire manipulation appears to be a simple, safe and effective treatment method in children. Level IV, Therapeutic study.
- Radial neck fracture
- Elastic intramedullary nailing