Optimal trajectory and insertion accuracy of sacral alar iliac screws

Katsutaka YAMADA, Takayuki HİGASHİ, Kanichiro KANEKO, Manabu IDE, Tatsuhiro SEKİYA, Tomoyuki SAİTO,


The aim of this study was to analyse the optimal trajectories for sacral alar iliac screws (SAISs) in a Japanese patient population and the clinical assessment of insertion accuracies.
The ideal trajectories of SAISs, starting from 2 mm medial to the apex of the lateral sacral crest on the midline between S1 and S2 dorsal foramina, were measured in 80 consecutive spinal disease patients (40 males and 40 females; average age: 67.4 ± 8.1 years) using three-dimensional computed tomographic image software. Following these anatomic analyses, accuracies of 32 inserted SAISs in consecutive patients, who underwent long spinal posterior fusion, were investigated clinically.
Lateral angulations of optimal SAIS trajectories in males (left: 37.9; right: 37.7) were significantly larger than those than in females (left: 32.8; right: 32.4). Caudal SAIS angulations for females (left: 33.4; right: 33.9) were significantly larger than those in males (left: 27.5; right: 28.0). The 32 SAISs (100 mm long and 9 mm in diameter) assessed clinically were accurately inserted on optimal trajectories.
The optimal trajectories of SAISs in a Japanese patient population are more lateral in males and more caudal in females. This study examines the clinical safety and accuracy of SAIS insertion on these optimal trajectories.
ER -


  • Sacral alar iliac screw
  • Optimal entry point
  • Optimal trajectory
  • Accuracy
  • 3D CT

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