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Vol 53, No 5 (2019) Pages : 346- 350

Assessing the risk of asymptomatic dysplasia in parents of children with developmental hip dysplasia

Tacettin AYANOGLU, Muhammet Baybars ATAOGLU, Nil TOKGÖZ, Elif ERSÖZ, Hakan ATALAR, Sacit TURANLI

Abstract
Objective
The aim of this study was to investigate whether being the parents of children with developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) is a risk factor for asymptomatic dysplasia.
Methods
Asymptomatic parents of children who were diagnosed with DDH were assessed for presence of dysplasia by examining their anteroposterior pelvis radiographs at the neutral position. Eighty-six hips of 43 participants were included in the study group and 98 hips of 49 participants were included in the control group. Presence of hip dysplasia over the anteroposterior pelvis radiographs was analyzed for Wiberg's angle, acetabular index of the weight-bearing zone (the Tönnis angle), acetabular depth/width index, femoral head coverage ratio (FHCR) and femoral neck/shaft angle.
Results
The mean acetabular depth/width ratio was 44.3% in the study group and 53.5% in the control group. And, the mean FHCR was 80% in the study group and 82% in the control group. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of mean acetabular depth/width ratio (p < 0.05) and FHCR (p < 0.05). In addition, 21 participants in the study group and 2 in the control group had a pathological acetabular depth/width ratio. And, the number of participants with a pathological FHCR was 22 in the study group and 13 in the control group. A statistically significant difference was found between the two groups regarding the number of pathological measurements of acetabular depth/width ratio (p < 0.05) and FHCR (p < 0.05).
Conclusion
Having a parent with DDH is a definitive risk factor for the development of hip dysplasia in childhood. In addition, being a parent of a child with DDH is a risk factor for asymptomatic dysplasia. These parents should be screened by roentgenogram.
Level of Evidence
Level III, Diagnostic Study.
ER -

Keywords
Developmental dysplasia of the hip Asymptomatic dysplasia Wiberg's angle Acetabular index Acetabular depth/width index Femoral head coverage ratio